When it’s time to choose a method of birth control, it’s also important to know all your options so you can pick the one that’s best for you and your lifestyle. Dr. Anthony Gyang at Osceola Gynecology provides birth control pills, IUD insertion, and other options, including permanent birth control. If you have any questions about family planning or would like to obtain birth control, call one of the offices in Orlando, Kissimmee, and St. Cloud, Florida or book an appointment online.
Effectiveness ratings are useful guidelines, but you can improve the effectiveness of birth control pills and condoms by using them correctly. Birth control pills, for example, are 99% effective when you take them every day.
Birth control pills prevent pregnancy by controlling hormone levels. Their effect depends on the type of pill:
Combined pills contain estrogen and progestin. They primarily prevent pregnancy by stopping your ovaries from releasing an egg. They also thicken cervical mucus, which stops sperm from traveling into the uterus.
Progestin-only birth control pills typically thicken cervical mucus and thinning the uterine lining. They may prevent ovulation, but about 40% of women continue ovulating while taking progestin-only pills.
Long-acting reversible contraceptives are inserted once, then prevent pregnancy for 4-10 years, depending on the method. They’re as effective as sterilization but completely reversible.
There are two types of long-acting reversible contraceptives:
The implant Nexplanon® is a small rod about the size of a matchstick. After it’s inserted under your skin, it gradually releases hormones that continuously prevent pregnancy up to three years.
An IUD is a flexible, T-shaped device that’s placed inside your uterus. IUDs may block sperm from making it to the fallopian tubes, but they primarily work by releasing hormones or copper.
Hormone-containing IUDs such as Mirena® continuously release a small amount of hormone that prevents pregnancy by changing the lining of your uterus and thickening mucus in your cervix. Mirena lasts up to five years.
Copper-containing IUDs such as Paragard® directly affect sperm, acting as a spermicide and inhibiting their ability to move. Paragard prevents pregnancy up to 10 years.
When you’re sure your family is complete, and you won’t want to become pregnant again, you may want to consider permanent birth control. Dr. Gyang can perform tubal ligations or insert Essure®, which is a soft device that creates a permanent barrier in your fallopian tubes that prevents pregnancy.
When you need birth control, call Osceola Gynecology or book an appointment online.